With a few notable exceptions, it was during the past 30 years when most laws against marital rape have been enacted. Australian Bureau of Statistics. Instead of sympathizing, people in the community blamed her and the police did nothing to find the perpetrator. Sociology of Sport Journal. They feared that reporting the abuse would result in retaliation against them rather than punishment for the perpetrators. Human Rights Watch documented two cases of women raped as young adults during the s who said they did not fully understand what was happening to them.
Efforts to fight violence against women can take many forms and access to justice, or lack thereof, for such violence varies greatly depending on the justice system.
North Korea: Sexual abuse of women 'common' - report
Canadian Journal of Sociology. Library of Congress, Federal Research Division. ABS 7 September Council of Europe Committee of Ministers. These punishments employed for sexual relations outside marriage, apart from constituting a form of violence in themselves, can also deter victims of sexual violence from reporting the crime, because the victims may themselves be punished if they cannot prove their case, if they are deemed to have been in the company of an unrelated male, or if they were unmarried and not virgins at the time of the rape. Archived from the original PDF on 8 July Stereotyped gender roles begin in childhood.